Nowadays, the development of a national strategy in the field of Education is in fact a national necessity. In a competitive and globalized world, knowledge will determine aspects of vital importance such as the viability of Greek values –Hellenism and humanism–, will confirm the principle which attributes the Greek identity to the ones who savor the Greek education as well as ensure the right of each Greek to participate as a citizen of the world in the European Union and the international arena. Education renders the individual well-equipped, reinforces family bonds and solidarity and promotes initiatives and crisis resolution. Education will safeguard the right of all to work. Education will provide the continuous growth of the spirit. Education will support the substantial deepening process of democracy, it will support participation. Eventually, education will define the economic, social and cultural status of Greece in the international arena.